The Animal Kingdom According To Genesis:
The Serpent- Snake or Satan? Animal or Angel?
From an unused root probably meaning to elongate; a monster (as preternaturally formed), that is, a sea serpent (or other huge marine animal); also a jackal (or other hideous land animal): – dragon, whale. Compare H8577.
So, while the whale that we know would be included with the Tânîym, we can see here, that this is, obviously MORE than just “Free Willy” we’re talking about in Genesis 1:21.
So the verse continues “and every living nephesh that râmás.” [S#7430]
We assume these to be whatever remains of the aquatic life– quite a broad spectrum, but nevertheless, correct.
A primitive root; properly to glide swiftly, that is, to crawl or move with short steps; by analogy to swarm: – creep, move.
From H3670; an edge or extremity; specifically (of a bird or army) a wing, (of a garment or bed clothing) a flap, (of the earth) a quarter, (of a building) a pinnacle: – + bird, border, corner, end, feather [-ed], X flying, + (one an-) other, overspreading, X quarters, skirt, X sort, uttermost part, wing ([-ed]).
From H5774; a bird (as covered with feathers, or rather as covering with wings), often collective: – bird, that flieth, flying, fowl.
A primitive root; to cover (with wings or obscurity); hence (as denominative from H5775) to fly; also (by implication of dimness) to faint (from the darkness of swooning): – brandish, be (wax) faint, flee away, fly (away – ), X set, shine forth, weary.
So birds, right?Not so fast!
So here we have the creation of the great whales, the creeping things in the water, fish, birds, and the insects– NATURAL ORDER; the food chain is not broken!
And the evening & the morning were the fifth day.
Now on day six… Let’s see..
Gen 1:24 And God said, Let the earth bring forth the living creature after his kind, cattle, and creeping thing, and beast of the earth after his kind: and it was so.
Here, we are introduced to 3 new classifications of animal:
2.Creeping Things (of the earth)
Everyone knows what cattle is, right?
Simple enough? Let’s have a look:
The word transliterated to cattle, was originally, behêmêh [S# H929]
From an unused root (probably meaning to be mute); properly a dumb beast; especially any large quadrupedor animal (often collectively): – beast, cattle.
Keep in mind, the Biblical definition of “dumb” is not a reference to intelligence: A primitive root; to tie fast; hence (of the mouth) to be tongue tied: – bind, be dumb, put to silence.
From H7430; a reptile or any other rapidly moving animal: – that creepeth, creeping (moving) thing.
It’s from H4730.. That looks familiar, so we will look again-
A primitive root; properly to glideswiftly, that is, to crawl or move with short steps; by analogy to swarm: – creep, move.
What have we here? Amphibious Creepy-Crawlies?
And now, we have the beasts– or the Chay [S# H2416]
I am of the opinion, that these are animals that move swiftly in herds– ie. antelope, gazelles, and the animals that hunt said animals in packs– ie, Lions, wolves..I am not a scientist, and am not aware which breeds are a result of hybridization, but I am under the impression that the original, swift-moving, herd animals, and the pack animals that hunt them, were the Chay.
From H2421; alive; hence raw (flesh); fresh (plant, water, year), strong; also (as noun, especially in the feminine singular and masculine plural) life (or living thing), whether literally or figuratively: – + age, alive, appetite, (wild) beast, company, congregation, life (-time), live (-ly), living (creature, thing), maintenance, + merry, multitude, + (be) old, quick, raw, running, springing, troop.
God concludes the creation, by capping off the food chain, and creating man– male & female, to have dominion or râdâh over all living creatures on the earth.
A primitive root; to tread down, that is, subjugate; specifically to crumbleoff: – (come to, make to) have dominion, prevail against, reign, (bear, make to) rule, (-r, over), take.
Now, we have broken down God’s classification of the animal kingdom, & examined the original words in their context.
To Recap, here are the 6 classifications of God’s Animal Kingdom:
Oddly enough, this is completely in line with science:
If you were to consider the 5 main classifications of animals with vertebrates, and all of Invertebrates as “creeping things” that move, you would also have 6 categories.
Chapter 2 of Genesis picks up after the seventh day, (when Ëlôah rested from all of His work; all that He had made) with the creation of Eden, and of Adam, who proceeded to name each animal as God brought it before him- and eventually, Eve, who was made from out of Adam- flesh of his flesh, and bone of his bones.
Moving on to chapter three, when all seems to be going well in the Garden of Paradise, we are introduced to the character of the “serpent.”
It has been speculative buy some, that the serpent is allegorical, and was not an animal at all. In fact, in later portions of the text, the Bible refers to the serpent as a “dragon,” and Satan, himself.
Despite the many miracles mentioned in Scripture, there are very few times in the Bible, in fact only two, when an animal has the ability to speak; one being the serpent in Eden, and the other, Balaam’s ass; who was gifted with the ability ONLY AFTER “The Lord opened the mouth of the ass“. [Numbers 22:28]
I will not argue either side of the case. I will only present the scripture, and the information from Strong’s in the same format as I have done with the creation account, in order to allow you the reader, draw your own conclusions.
Gen 3:1 Now the serpent was more subtil than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. And he said unto the woman, Yea, hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden?
I want to point out 3 things– the spelling of the word subtle, no reference is made to him being a beast; only that he his “more subtil than any beast,” – also notice where it says, implicitly, “that the LORD God had made,” meaning specifically, JEHOVAH.
First, we will look at this word, subtil-
Starting with the synonyms for the word, in our own language, which I find interesting:
attenuated, deficient, extraordinary, few-and-far-between, flimsy, inconceivable, isolated, light, limited, occasional, out of the ordinary, rarefied, recherché, scanty, scarce, scattered, seldom, semioccasional, singular, sparse, sporadic, strange, subtile, subtle, tenuous, thin, uncommon,
unfrequent, unheardof, unimaginable, unique, unlikely, unthinkable, unusual,
unwonted, diaphanous, filmy, flimsy, gossamer, paper-thin, permeable, rare, rarefied, refined, see-through, sheer, slight, towering, uncommon, unimaginable
Passive participle of H6191; cunning(usually in a bad sense): – crafty, prudent, subtil.
A primitive root; properly to be (or make) bare; but used only in the derived sense (through the idea perhaps of smoothness) to be cunning (usually in a bad sense): – X very, beware, take crafty [counsel], be prudent, deal subtilly.
A primitive root; properly to hiss, that is, whisper a (magic) spell; generally to prognosticate: – X certainly, divine, enchanter, (use) X enchantment, learn by experience, X indeed, diligently observe.
Why is the serpent of Genesis 3:1 not referred to as a Remés or a Tamyîn?
Why does the serpent have the ability to speak?
Why is the serpent more subtil than any beast of the field YêHôWâH God had made?
Perhaps we will never know.
Here are some verse listings from the KJC (King James Concordance) matching these words, for those who care to do an independent, comparative word study.
Total KJV Occurrences: 14
Gen 30:27 (2)
Note some interesting similarities here: